The brochure ”Ethics of AI. How smart can we use AI?” - about the applicability and ethics of Artificial Intelligence in various fields
Article published on 25-01-2022
The National Commission of Romania for UNESCO (NCR UNESCO) ended 2021 with the third project dedicated to the theme of the Ethics of Artificial Intelligence (AI), respectively the creation of the bilingual brochure „Ethics on Artificial Intelligence. How smart can we use AI?” (in Romanian and English, 48 pages).
The two previous projects, a colloquium held in June and another in October 2021 (the latter in partnership with the Polytechnic University of Bucharest) were debates inspired and informed by the interim versions of the UNESCO Recommendation on Ethics of AI. One of the most important documents adopted by UNESCO on November 25, 2021, during the 41st session of the General Conference, the Recommendation aims to highlight the benefits that AI brings to society and to warn about the risks involved in using it. At the same time, it emphasizes that digital transformations must promote human rights and contribute to the Sustainable Development Goals, addressing issues of transparency, accountability and confidentiality, with action-oriented policy chapters on data governance, education, culture, employment, health and economy.
The development of a brochure on AI ethics came as a natural consequence of the adoption of the Recommendation. This was done with the support of the International Center of Excellence in Artificial Intelligence of the POLITEHNICA University of Bucharest.
This publication is about intellectual and moral solidarity. It's about being now and in the future that started yesterday. It is the essence of being of UNESCO, which supports, together with other international organizations, Member States, partners and other states, the development of new technologies, through cooperation and ensuring transparency. Artificial intelligence, like any technology, offers many benefits. Its intelligent use remains a challenge for each of us, but especially for decision makers, said Madlen Șerban, Secretary General of NCR UNESCO.
The authors of the presented articles highlighted the applicability of AI in various fields. Through their contribution, we find out what explainable and reliable AI means; What are the challenges of using AI in medicine, in the aeronautical industry, in airports, in the military industry; What is ethical and unethical in AI; How new technologies can be used to automatically detect unethical, bullying, misogyny, xenophobia posts or messages; What are the ethical interferences between metavers, artificial intelligence and non-verbal data.
The distinguished authors to whom we thank are:
Prof. Dr. Eng. Adina Magda Florea, POLITEHNICA University of Bucharest
Prof. Sorin Eugen Zaharia, PhD, POLITEHNICA University of Bucharest
Prof. Alexandru Scafa-Udriște, PhD, "Carol Davila" University of Medicine and Pharmacy
Prof. Dr. Eng. Ștefan Trăușan-Matu, POLITEHNICA University of Bucharest
Lecturer. dr. eng. Alexandru Sorici, POLITEHNICA University of Bucharest
Assist. univ. dr. Mihail-Valentin Cernea, Bucharest Academy of Economic Studies
Dr. Cristian Ducu, Center for Advanced Research in Management and Applied Ethics
Dr. Mihaela Constantinescu, Romanian Young Academy, Center for Research in Applied Ethics (CCEA) - Faculty of Philosophy, University of BucharestThe publication is available here.